There is a gender aspect to this also if one broadens the view. When I decided to step as a guy and get a doctor and work on my health issues, I requested a female doctor because of assault I dealt with in the past.
The answer to the hospital was "no". I had to do therapy so I was able to allow another "man" to touch me (#metoo), which in the end helped me out in a better way.
I got superbly lucky that my GP's bedside manner is top-notch. In fact, the female doctors I have are superb smarts-wise, but they actually are the ones lacking in bedside matter (go figure right).
Bias floats all around us, so thank you for taking a stab at a very dense and hard topic in your article. As for another side read, one could read the “Ice pick Surgeon”